The year 1920 was an important year in Paris as the city and the rest of the world started recovering from the devastation of World War I. Here are some of the key events:
Treaty of Sèvres: This treaty was signed on August 10, 1920, at the Sèvres porcelain factory near Paris. It marked the end of hostilities between the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire. The treaty partitioned the Ottoman Empire and had significant geopolitical implications.
Formation of the French Communist Party (Section Française de l’Internationale Ouvrière, SFIO): This party was formed in December 1920 during the Tours Congress. It was a split from the French socialist party, marking a significant shift in French politics.
Cultural Developments: The 1920s, often referred to as the “années folles” or “Crazy Years” in France, were characterized by a boom in literature, arts, and music, with Paris at its epicenter. In 1920, the Dadaist movement was gaining momentum, and the first commercial radio broadcasts began. This period also saw the burgeoning of what would later become known as the Art Deco style.
Economic Recovery and Reconstruction: After World War I, Paris and the rest of France were focused on rebuilding and recovery. 1920 was a critical year in this process as the city worked to repair the physical and psychological damage of the war.
Return of the Olympics: Although not in Paris, it’s worth noting that the 1920 Summer Olympics were held in Antwerp, Belgium, marking the return of the games after they were cancelled in 1916 due to World War I. Many athletes from Paris and all over France participated.